May 15 – 20, 2022
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Simultaneous determination of organically bound tritium and radiocarbon by Liquid Scintillation method

May 17, 2022, 5:40 PM
5m
Gallery

Gallery

Poster Nuclear Analytical Methods Nuclear Analytical Methods

Speaker

Natasha Chipanovska (Department for Low and Medium Energy Physics, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Description

Krško Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) is located in south – eastern part of Slovenia, on the left bank of the Sava River. Emissions of the operational Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) are mainly 14C and 3H. The dam for the Brežice Hydroelectric Power Plant (BHPP) constructed few kilometres downstream has caused changes in the local climate parameters and hydrology around KNPP. The simultaneous method for determination of OBT and 14C seems efficient tool for the study of the BHPP impact on the distribution, dynamics, and retention time of the 3H and 14C in biota in the vicinity of KNPP.
Simultaneous methods for determination of 3H and 14C in organic samples have been already developed. Pyrolizer or oxidizer are commonly used for this purpose because they allow well controlled and fully automated procedure, but detection limits are rather high due to limitations of allowed sample quantity. Paar 1121 oxygen vessel allows combustion of larger sample quantities and is therefore more suitable for the analysis of environmental samples from the vicinity of PWR reactor. On the other hand, the procedure cannot be automated and sample size is limited by its caloric value which might cause big pressure leap during the combustion.
The presented method consists of combustion of the sample in a Paar vessel in an oxygen atmosphere where it is converted to CO2 and H2O. Formed CO2 is released through a cleaning system containing two chemicals 0,1M CrO3 and 0,1M AgNO3 and trapped in the mixture of CarbonTrap and CarbonCount. Formed water is neutralized using Na2O2 and KMnO4 followed by liophylisation and mixed with scintillation cocktail. Critical point in this method is determining the right amount of sample for combusting that will provide enough CO2 for complete saturation of trapping medium and enough water for determination of OBT. Usually, depending on the sample, from 15 to 20 g is enough to satisfy this criterion.
The accuracy, trueness, and precision of the simultaneous method will be presented through inter-laboratory comparisons and results of international inter-comparison tests organized by International OBT group. We took part in 4th, 5th and 6th international inter-laboratory OBT exercise organized on grass, fish and quince where we achieved excellent results. For 14C, we compared our results with the official values from the regular KNPP monitoring report. By these comparisons we proved the suitability of the implemented inexpensive, yet accurate and precise simultaneous method for analysis of both radionuclides in the environmental samples.

Primary author

Dr Romana Krištof (1Department for Sanitary Engineering, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Ljubljana, Zdravstvena pot 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Department for Low and Medium Energy Physics, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Co-authors

Natasha Chipanovska (Department for Low and Medium Energy Physics, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia) Dr Jasmina Kožar Logar (Department for Low and Medium Energy Physics, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia)

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