May 15 – 20, 2022
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Retrospective determination of 236U/238U and 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios in aerosols and lung ashes from Vienna, Austria

May 16, 2022, 3:30 PM
30m
Marble Hall

Marble Hall

Invited Radionuclides in the Environment, Radioecology Environmental Radioactivity

Speaker

Gabriele Wallner (Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Wien)

Description

Already in the frame of the first scientific project sponsored by the IAEA with the title “Factors controlling the distribution of fission products in the biosphere” in the early 1960ies of the last century, air filters and lung autopsy samples from people, who had been living in Vienna, Austria, were collected and investigated with regard to short-lived fission products from the nuclear weapons tests.

The organs were ashed and then measured with a well-type NaI(Tl) crystal to quantify 141Ce+144Ce, 103Ru, and 95Zr+95Nb contamination of humans. Later on (after decay of these rather short-lived radionuclides) also 137Cs was determined. From a part of the ash samples Pu was separated and the sum activity of 239Pu and 240Pu was measured by alpha-spectrometry. Corresponding investigations were also performed with air filters.

In the last years we investigated some of the remaining air filters and lung ash samples with Accelorator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) with regard to 236U (half-life 2.3∙107 years) which is mainly produced via the reactions 235U(n,γ) 236U and 238U(n,3n) 236U. Additionally, the Pu isotopes 239Pu and 240Pu were measured to obtain an improved data set with reduced uncertainties compared to the earlier study.

The samples were dissolved in half-concentrated nitric acid, a defined amount of 233U was added as a spike and uranium was then separated by anion exchange (UTEVA) and co-precipitated with Fe(OH)3. Pu was separated with DOWEX 1x2, here a 242Pu spike was used. After calcination the samples were analysed by AMS at the VERA laboratory (university of Vienna).

The results of our lung measurements will be compared to the corresponding filter results. Possible explanations of the discrepancies will be discussed.

Primary author

Gabriele Wallner (Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Wien)

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