May 15 – 20, 2022
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Uptake of 85Sr onto cementious materials and synthetic geopolymer

May 16, 2022, 3:55 PM
5m
Red Hall

Red Hall

Speaker

Mr Václav Znamínko (Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technická 5, 166 28 Praha 6)

Description

The decommissioning of nuclear facilities will produce all levels of radioactive waste, including intermediate- and high-level waste that is not allowed to be disposed of in low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste repositories. Therefore, it is necessary to find infill materials used in a deep geological repository that will make it safe for the environment for a long period of time. The aim of the ALMARA project is to study those materials and test them.

The subject of this work is strontium sorption on cementious materials, finding the equilibrium time needed for $^8$$^5$Sr sorption. Batch type experiment was performed with solution of $^8$$^5$SrCl$_2$ in synthetic granitic water on hardened cement paste (CEM), cement mixed with 20 wt% of bentonite (AFM), cement mixed with 1 wt% of nano iron particles (NNM) and synthetic geopolymer (GP). These materials were used in two different grain sizes (mesh fraction less than 0.5 mm and mesh fraction between 1 – 2 mm) and two different liquid-solid ratios (5 and 10 ml/g). To compare those materials, distribution coefficients (R$_d$) were calculated.

The best result was obtained for GP, with the equilibrium time being one week and the Rd value being in the thousands of ml/g. For other materials, the equilibrium time was about two months and the Rd values were significantly smaller as follows: AFM > NNM > CEM.

Acknowledgment
The work described herein was funded by the ALMARA project – Technology Agency of the Czech Republic – FW01010115.

Primary authors

Mr Václav Znamínko (Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technická 5, 166 28 Praha 6) Dr Petr Večerník (ÚJV Řež, a. s., Hlavní 130, 250 68 Husinec-Řež)

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