13-18 May 2018
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Preparation of Fluoride Target Matrices for U-236 AMS Measurement

14 May 2018, 17:15
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)

Gallery

Casino Conference Centre

Poster Nuclear Analytical Methods Poster NAM

Speaker

Tomáš Prášek

Description

In recent years, radionuclide 236U has become a significant analytical tool. Due to it's mostly anthropogenic origin, the main purpose of it's determination resides in tracing of human nuclear activities, though it can be used for studying plenty of natural phenomena like natural fission reactors or deep sea currents as well. Since natural samples usually contain only a trace amount of this nuclide, a highly accurate analytical method like accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is required. Target sample preparation involves a pre-concentration of raw water or soil eluate obtained from the natural matrix, followed by conversion of uranium contained to a desired chemical form, commonly a uranium oxide. Apart from the oxides, fluoride target matrices have lately become a significant point of interest, particularly due to use of monoisotopic fluorine that provides a considerable decrease in isobaric interferences occuring in the process of analysis. Several methods of fluoride target preparation have been developed and published recently [1], though none of them provided a pure fluoride matrix without contamination by oxygen. Therefore, a new method of fluoride target sample preparation for 236U is being developed. The main objective is a substantial reduction of the oxygen content while maintaining the procedure itself simple enough for application in routine analyses. The proposed preparation method involves addition of a suitable carrier for uranium to it's acidic solution, followed by reduction to +IV oxidation state and coprecipitation with the carrier in a form o fluoride. Uranium separation yield for the samples prepared exceeds 99 %. Particular ion currents, ionisation yields and efficiencies are currently being measured at AMS Vera, Vienna.

[1] Xianggao Wang, Kejun Dong, Ming He, Shaoyung Wu, Shan Jiang (2013) Nucl. Tech. 182, 235-241

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