13-18 May 2018
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Immobilization of high level waste in magnesium-potassium-phosphate compound

17 May 2018, 17:30
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)


Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic
Poster Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Radiochemical Problems in Nuclear Waste Management Poster NFC


Dr Sergey Vinokurov (Vernadsky Institute RAS)


Mineral-like magnesium-potassium-phosphate (MPP) compound samples were synthesized during the immobilization of a high level waste (HLW) simulator. The phase composition and structure of compounds were studied and their physico-chemical properties, including mechanical and thermal stability, were determined. The high hydrolytic stability of the MPP compound was established: the differential leaching rates at the 90th day of contact with water under 23 0С were for 137Cs - 4.6∙10-7, 90Sr – 9.7∙10-7, 239Pu - 3.7∙10-10 and 241Am - 9.6∙10-10 g / (cm2 / day). The leaching of radionuclides during the first 2 weeks was caused by the dissolution or washing out from the surface of the compound, when the experiments were being continued for 90 days the leaching was done by the depletion of the surface layer. The permanence of the phase composition, structure, and hydrolytic stability of MPP compound irradiated by an electron beam (absorbed dose -1 MGy) was established, it means that the MPP compound is stable to radiation. The quality profile of MPP compound corresponds to current regulatory requirements, which make possible to consider the compound as perspective material for industrial solidification of HLW.

Primary authors

Dr Sergey Vinokurov (Vernadsky Institute RAS) Mrs Svetlana Kulikova (Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences) Prof. Boris Myasoedov (Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences)

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