13-18 May 2018
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

An experimental approach to the determination of the gross activity of uranium, plutonium, americium and strontium in human biological samples using solid-state scintillation

14 May 2018, 17:15
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)

Gallery

Casino Conference Centre

Poster Nuclear Analytical Methods Poster NAM

Speaker

Jiří Janda (-)

Description

Rapid bioassay methods have been mainly proposed for the sequential measurements of actinides in human blood, bone marrow and urine. The method involves sample treatment using microwave digestion techniques followed by direct measurement of digested products using powder scintillator and alkaline solution as a replacement for traditional liquid scintillation cocktail. The selected group of radionuclides was chosen due to their occurrence in the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear accident, high radiotoxicity, and the possibility of potential misuses, such as dirty bombs. The work aimed at verifying the connection of microwave digestion using alkaline solution with solid-state scintillation using a powder scintillator YAP:Ce together with an alkaline medium.

Primary authors

Jiří Janda (-) Mrs Jitka Ticha (University of Defence)

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