May 11 – 16, 2014
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Sequential separation of trace Pu, U and other elements in environmental samples

May 15, 2014, 11:45 AM
Mirror Hall (Casino Conference Centre)

Mirror Hall

Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Mari&#225;nsk&#233; L&#225;zn&#283;, Czech Republic <font color=white>
Verbal Nuclear Analytical Methods Nuclear Analytical Methods 4


Dr Yutaka Miyamoto (Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA))


Abundance and isotopic ratios of trace uranium (U), thorium (Th), lead (Pb) and lanthanides in environmental samples play a key role to investigate features of the samples. Plutonium (Pu) is an artificial element which originates from nuclear bomb tests and accidental releases from nuclear power plants. The analytical data may give information on origin of the sample, dating of mineral formation, history on mineralization, and age determination of nuclear materials. Abundance and isotopic ratios of an element of interest are generally measured with high resolution inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometers (HR ICP-MS). In most environmental samples such as rocks, soils, and airborne dusts, trace Pu, U, Th, Pb, and lanthanides are contained with major elements including Na, K and Fe. These major elements and the polyatomic ions including oxides and hydrides of the co-existing elements affect accuracy of analytical results measured by ICP-MS. The analytes, therefore, should be separated from the interfering elements. Chemical separations are good solution for accurate analyses, but the procedures are generally complicated and time-consuming. The authors developed the technique for sequential separation of Pu, U, Th, Pb, and the lanthanides using a single anion-exchange column and mixed media consisting of hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, acetic acid, and hydrofluoric acid. The target elements were completely separated and fully recovered by using our sequential separation technique. This work was supported by financial aids from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan (Scientific Research (C): Grand No. 25340078).

Primary author

Dr Yutaka Miyamoto (Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA))


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