May 11 – 16, 2014
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Study of europium and americium uptake on solid extractant with CMPO and polyacrylonitrile from diluted nitric acid solutions

May 12, 2014, 5:15 PM
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)

Gallery

Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Mari&#225;nsk&#233; L&#225;zn&#283;, Czech Republic <font color=white>
Poster Separation Methods, Speciation Poster Session - Separation Methods, Speciation

Speaker

Dr Jan Kameník (Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 115 19 Prague 1, Czech Republic)

Description

Octyl(phenyl)-N,N'-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) extraction agent and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as binding polymer were used for production of CMPO-PAN solid extractant. The material was previously studied for application in column chromatography for actinoids separation [1]. High uptake of americium and europium on CMPO-PAN solid extractant was observed in diluted nitric acid solutions (0.001-0.1 mol/L) contrary to minimal uptake by CMPO itself. A set of experiments was performed for explanation of this effect that cannot be solely explained by adsorption on PAN support. Materials prepared by modification of the original procedure were tested and compared. Influence of CMPO content in the composite and total nitrate ion concentration in the solution on the uptake were determined for several acidities. Selected materials were subjected to FT-IR analysis to study interaction of the support polymer and CMPO agent. Europium extraction isotherms were measured in the solution of 0.01M HNO3 for capacity determination. It was found that addition of sodium nitrate (0.1 mol/L) increases maximum europium capacity by more than an order of magnitude to the value that was determined in 3M HNO3. The observations indicated that europium and americium uptake mechanism on CMPO-PAN is different in solutions with diluted and more concentrated nitric acid and is influenced by total nitrate concentration. [1] Kameník J., Šebesta F. (2006), Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 56, D493-D500. * Present address: Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 250 68 Řež, Czech Republic

Primary authors

Dr Ferdinand Šebesta (Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 115 19 Prague 1, Czech Republic) Dr Jan Kameník (Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 115 19 Prague 1, Czech Republic)

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