13-18 May 2018
Casino Conference Centre
Europe/Prague timezone

Structural diversity of uranyl complexes with aliphatic monocarboxylate ligands

15 May 2018, 17:15
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)

Gallery

Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic
Poster Chemistry of Actinide and Trans-actinide Elements Poster TAN

Speaker

Dr Anton Savchenkov (Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation)

Description

In most of the cases interaction between uranyl ions UO22+ and anions of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids L leads to formation of mononuclear anionic complex units [UO2L3]–. Crystal structures of corresponding compounds are usually three-dimensional due to electrostatic interactions or hydrogen bonding among the complex ions [UO2L3]– and different counter ions. Such compounds have long been studied, especially with acetate ions. However, over the past several years we were able to substantially enlarge the number of uranyl compounds with higher homologues of acetate ion, such as propionate, butyrate and valerate. The results of our synthetic efforts are somewhat surprising. Here we highlight several peculiarities of this family of compounds.
First, there are rare examples of compounds of uranyl ions with anions of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids L constructed of larger heteronuclear clusters. For example, the crystal structure of n-butyrate containing compound {Sr(H2O)4[UO2L3]2}·2H2O is constructed of trinuclear neutral clusters and the unprecedented neutral octanuclear clusters K[UO2L3]{R(H2O)4[UO2L3]2}2 were observed in crystal structures of two similar K and Sr or Ba propionates of uranyl ion.
Formation of heteronuclear clusters in the mentioned systems is possible mostly due to the bridging function of anions of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids, which is considered unusual for these ligands. Such coordination mode allows the typical [UO2L3]– complex units to bind in larger architectures. According to statistical analysis of the CSD, the bridging function is in fact the most common for butyrate and valerate ions. Thus, even such featureless at the first view monotopic ligands as the ions of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids may facilitate formation of heteronuclear clusters with uranyl ions if other metal atoms except for U are available. This is another curious fact about this family of compounds. Besides, information on the possible and preferred coordination modes of ligands derived in the course of our studies is extremely important for crystal structure prediction and crystal engineering.
The current versions of CSD and ICSD contain respectively about 0.2 and 3.7% of crystal structures featuring cubic crystal system and excluding the inversion center. Curiously and unexpectedly, many uranyl monocarboxylate complexes are noncentrosymmetric and crystallize in cubic crystal system. Noncentrosymmetric crystals may show nonlinear optical (NLO) activity. This third curious fact enhances the value of aliphatic monocarboxylate complexes of uranyl ions and motivated us for the search of new crystals with high NLO activity.
This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project №17-73-10117).

Primary authors

Dr Anton Savchenkov (Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation) Dr Anna Vologzhanina (Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation) Prof. Denis Pushkin (Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation) Prof. Larisa Serezhkina (Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation) Prof. Viktor Serezhkin (Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation)

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