Apr 18 – 23, 2010
Casino Conference Centre
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The Pourbaix diagram of astatine in aqueous medium

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Casino Conference Centre

Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Marianske Lazne, Czech Republic
Verbal Separation Methods, Speciation


Dr Gilles Montavon (Laboratoire Subatech (CNRS/IN2P3 / Ecole des Mines de Nantes / Université de Nantes))


Astatine (At), element 85, is below iodine in the periodic table of elements. One of its isotopes, 211At, is a promising candidate as a therapeutic agent in nuclear medicine [1]. Although it is clear that much of the chemistry described for halogens is applicable to astatine, a more metallic character is expected as compared to its nearest halogen neighbor, iodine. However, At chemistry in aqueous solution remains poorly understood. There are no stable isotope of astatine, its longest-lived isotope having a half-life of 8.3 h. All investigations are thus derived from radiochemical studies at ultra-trace concentration, typically between 10-12 and 10-15 mol/L and no spectroscopic tools can be used to identify unambiguously the formed species. The chemical forms of astatine are usually deduced from its behavior in given conditions with respect to the behavior of expected model compounds. In this work, a combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to define the potential/pH diagram of astatine (Pourbaix diagram) in non complexing medium with the aim of answering the two main questions raised in the literature: does At(0) exist in aqueous solution and what is the chemical form of At(III), if it exists ? The experimental methodology considers that a given species is characterized by its distribution coefficient (D) experimentally determined in a biphasic system. The change in speciation arising from a change in experimental conditions is observed by a change in D value [2]. Unlike most of previous studies, we present a quantitative analysis of the experimental data based on equilibrium reactions, to identify the species formed and derive the thermodynamic parameters. The theoretical methodology is based on quasi-relativistic quantum chemistry computations and solvation free energy calculations using polarizable continuum models. The results show that At at the oxidation state 0 cannot exist in aqueous solution. The three oxidation states present in the range of water stability are At(-I), At(I) and At(III) and exist as At-, At+ and AtO+, respectively, in the 1 to 2 pH range [3]. When the pH increases, AtO+ reacts with water to form two hydrolysis species, AtO(OH) and AtO(OH)2-. [1] M.R. Zalutsky, D.A. Reardon, G. Akabani, R.E. Coleman, A.H. Friedman, H.S. Friedman, R.E. McLendon, T.Z. Wong and D.D. Bigner, J. Nucl. Med., 49, 30 (2008) [2] J. Champion, C. Alliot, S. Huclier, D. Deniaud, Z. Asfari and G. Montavon, Inorg. Chim. Acta, 362 issue 8, 2654 (2009) [3] J. Champion, C. Alliot, E. Renault, B.M. Mokili, M. Chérel, N. Galland and G. Montavon, submitted to J. Chem. Phys. A.

Primary author

Dr Gilles Montavon (Laboratoire Subatech (CNRS/IN2P3 / Ecole des Mines de Nantes / Université de Nantes))


Dr Andrea Sabatié-Gogova (Laboratoire Subatech (CNRS/IN2P3 / Ecole des Mines de Nantes / Université de Nantes)) Dr Cyrille Alliot (Cyclotron ARRONAX) Dr David Deniaud (Laboratoire CEISAM, UMR CNRS 6230) Dr Eric Renault (Laboratoire CEISAM, UMR CNRS 6230) Prof. Jacques Barbet (CRCNA, U892) Dr Julie Champion (Laboratoire Subatech (CNRS/IN2P3 / Ecole des Mines de Nantes / Université de Nantes)) Dr Karine Julienne (Laboratoire CEISAM, UMR CNRS 6230) Dr Marcel Mokili (Cyclotron ARRONAX) Dr Michel Cherel (CRCNA, U892) Dr Nicolas Galland (Laboratoire CEISAM, UMR CNRS 6230) Prof. Zouhair Asfari (IPHC, UMR CNRS 7178)

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