Apr 18 – 23, 2010
Casino Conference Centre
UTC timezone

A study of heterogeneous equilibria in the saturated aqueous solutions of uranoarsenates and uranophosphates of alkaline and alkaline-earth elements

Apr 19, 2010, 11:45 AM
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)


Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Marianske Lazne, Czech Republic
Board: TAN.P05
Poster Chemistry of Actinide and Trans-actinide Elements Poster Session - Chemistry of Actinide and Trans-actinide Elements


Dr Oxana Nipruk (Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky)


Uranoarsenates and uranophosphates belong to a numerous difficult soluble compounds that can be formed by the ingress of various uranium-containing waste in the environment and can also be used as uranium-fixing matrices in technological processes. Research of the state of these compounds in aqueous solutions, of their hydrolytic stability and solubility, and of transformations of uranoarsenates and uranophosphates into other chemical compounds both in the solid phase and in a solution is important. In this work detailed research of the state of Mk(BvUO6)k.nH2O compounds (Bv–As,P; Mk–H+,Li+,Na+,K+,Rb+,Cs+,NH4+,Mg2+,Ca2+, Sr2+,Ba2+) in aqueous solutions at 25°C within a wide range of acidity is presented. It has been found that behavior of all Mk(BvUO6)k.nH2O compounds in aqueous solutions obeys the general laws due to their structural and functional similarity. Acidity has the most essential effect on the chemical stability of uranium compounds under study. Composition and structure of the solid phase, ionic-molecular forms, and concentrations of U(VI), As(V), P(V) and Mk in equilibrium solutions depend on pH. In acidic medium (рН<2) difficult soluble acid with composition of HBvUO6∙4H2O is formed as a result of ionic exchange in the solid phase. In the case of the Mk(BvUO6)k∙nH2O interaction with aqueous solutions of the alkaline elements hydroxides (рН>10) As(V) and P(V) are leached into the solution and insoluble uranates are formed. In the intermediate interval (2<рН<10) secondary solid phases are formed in quantities defined by acidity of the equilibrium solutions. (UO2)3(AsO4)2∙12H2O, (UO2)3(PO4)2∙8H2O and UO3.2H2O as synthetic analogues of the natural minerals should be mentioned among these phases. The solubility of all compounds with formulae Mk(BvUO6)k.nH2O has minimal value in neutral solutions (10-6-10-5М) and sharply increases with addition of acid or base. The uranophosphates are characterized by higher chemical stability than uranoarsenates. The finer distinctions in behavior of Mk(AsUO6)k.nH2O and Mk(PUO6)k.nH2O are caused by the nature of the Mk elements, and they reveal themselves in conversions of the secondary phase formation reactions and in the acidity-base intervals of the primary solid phase existence. A physicochemical model characterizing quantitatively the equilibrium state in the heterogeneous systems under study is proposed for predicting the processes occuring when inorganic uranium compounds dissolve. Using the model it is possible to calculate the state diagrams of the solid phases and the equilibrium solutions over the phases. In addition, it is possible to evaluate various heterogeneous equilibria constants.

Primary author

Dr Oxana Nipruk (Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky)


Prof. Nikolay Chernorukov (Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky) Ms Yuliya Pykhova (Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky)

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