Apr 18 – 23, 2010
Casino Conference Centre
UTC timezone

The sorption of cesium on Beishan soil under different physicochemical conditions studied by batch and EDS techniques

Apr 22, 2010, 12:00 PM
1h 30m
Gallery (Casino Conference Centre)


Casino Conference Centre

Reitenbergerova 4/95, Marianske Lazne, Czech Republic
Board: NFC.P19
Poster Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Radiochemical Problems in Nuclear Waste Management Poster Session - Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Nuclear Waste Management


Prof. Wangsuo Wu (Lanzhou University)


Adsorption of Cs+ to Beishan soil (BS) as function of pH, foreign ions, temperatures, contact time and humic substances was studied in detail under ambient conditions using batch techniques. The results suggested that the adsorption of Cs+ was strongly dependent on ionic strength, whereas nearly independent of pH values, and the values of Kd were 1388.78 mL/g in 0.01 mol/L NaClO4 and 740.14 mL/g in 0.1 mol/L NaClO4 solution, respectively. The foreign ions competed with Cs+ in the sequence: K+ > Na+ > Li+ and Mg2+>Ca2+≈Na+; however, the influence of anions was not obvious which might be attributed to the very low complexing ability with anions (i.e., Cl-, ClO4- and NO3-). The adsorption reaction of Cs+ to BS was very fast; the values of Ea were 8.944 kJ/mol. The positive ΔH0 and negative ΔG0 meant that the holistic process of Cs+ adsorption to BS was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The adsorption isotherms of Cs+ were well simulated by the Langmuir model at higher concentration of NaClO4, whereas Freundlich model was better than Langmuir model at low ion strengths (i.e., 0.001 mol/L NaClO4); and the values of qmax obtained from the Langmuir model ranged from ~3.33×10-7 to ~5.00×10-7 mol/g. Humic substances (FA and HA) enhanced significantly the adsorption of Cs+ to BS.The EDS analysis indicated that the adsorbed Cs+ were mainly distributed to the fray edges of BS, the locations of these adsorbed Cs+ coincided with the sodium depletion area, implying the replacement of Na+ by Cs+ adsorption.

Primary author

Prof. Wangsuo Wu (Lanzhou University)


Dr Qiaohui Fan (Lanzhou Univesity)

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